ارزیابی تغییرات ترشدگی و جذب نانوذرات سیلیس اصلاح‌شده با پلیمر برای ازدیاد برداشت نفت

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

تهران، مرکز تحقیقات علوم و مهندسی مواد، صندوق پستی 1135-37195

10.22063/jipst.2020.1746

چکیده

فرضیه: تغییر ترشدن سنگ از آب‌گریز به آب‌دوست، تغییر ترشدگی نامیده می‌شود. این موضوع، عامل مهمی در ازدیاد برداشت نفت است. به‌دلیل خواص منحصربه‌فرد، نانوذرات توجه زیادی را در زمینه ازدیاد برداشت نفت جلب کرده‌اند. با وجود نتایج امیدوارکننده، چالش‌های اصلی استفاده از نانوذرات به پایداری کلوئیدی و جذب ضعیف نانوسیال‌ها در شرایط سخت مخزن مربوط است. در سال‌های اخیر نانوذرات پیوند‌شده به پلیمر به‌عنوان موادی امیدبخش برای ازدیاد برداشت نفت درنظر گرفته شده‌اند.
روش‌ها: در این مطالعه، ترشدگی و جذب نانوذرات پیوندشده به پلیمر شامل نانوذرات سیلیس اصلاح‌شده با پلی‌اتیلن گلیکول متیل اتر (میانگین وزن مولکولی 2000) و نانوذرات سیلیس اصلاح‌شده با دو پلیمر پلی‌اتیلن گلیکول متیل اتر (میانگین وزن مولکولی 2000 و 5000) و زنجیرهای پروپیل بررسی شده است. طیف‌نمایی زیر‌قرمز تبدیل فوریه (FTIR)  و آزمون گرماوزن‌سنجی (TGA) برای بررسی پیوند شیمیایی و مقدار پلیمر روی سطح سیلیس به‌کار گرفته شد. میکروسکوپی الکترونی پویشی (SEM) و طیف‌نمایی پراش انرژی پرتو X و(EDS)، اندازه‌گیری زاویه تماس با آب و طیف‌نمایی مرئی-فرابنفش (UV-Vis) نیز برای مطالعه شکل‌شناسی، ترکیب درصد مواد، ترشدگی و جذب زیرلایه‌ها استفاده شدند.
یافته‌ها: بهترین عملکرد برای نانوذرات سیلیس اصلاح‌شده با پلی‌اتیلن گلیکول متیل اتر (میانگین وزن مولکولی 5000) و زنجیر‌های پروپیل در غلظت  1000ppm و محدوده شوری  40000-20000ppm به‌دست آمد. این مطالعه نشان داد، نانوذرات سیلیس پیوندشده به پلیمرهای مختلف را می‌توان به‌عنوان رهکاری مؤثر و نو برای ازدیاد برداشت نفت درنظر گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Polymer Wettability Alteration and Adsorption of Modified Silica Nanoparticles for Enhanced Oil Recovery

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Daneshmand
  • Masoud Araghchi
  • Meysam Karimi
  • Masoud Asgary
Materials Science and Engineering Research Center, P.O. Box 37195-1135,, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Hypothesis: The change in the wetting of rock from hydrophobic to hydrophilic is named "wettability alteration". This is an important factor for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Because of their unique properties, nanoparticles have attracted much attention for enhanced oil recovery. Despite promising results, the main challenges of using nanoparticles are related to colloidal stability and poor absorption of nanofluids under harsh conditions. In recent years, polymer-grafted nanoparticles have been considered as emerging materials for enhanced oil recovery.
Methods: In this study, wettability and absorption of polymer-grafted nanoparticles including silica nanoparticles modified by polyethylene glycol methyl ether (mean molecular weight 2000), silica nanoparticles modified by two polymers: polyethylene glycol methyl ether (mean molecular weights 2000 and 5000) and propyl chains are investigated. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to investigate the chemical bonding and polymer content on the silica surface. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), water contact angle measurement, and UV-Vis spectroscopy were also used to study morphology, material composition, wettability, and absorption of the substrate, respectively.
Findings: Best performance for silica nanoparticles modified by polyethylene glycol methyl ether (average molecular weight 5000) and propyl chains at 1000 ppm concentration and salinity range 20000-40000 ppm was obtained. This study shows that silica nanoparticles bonded to different polymers can be considered as an effective and novel approach for enhanced oil recovery.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • wettability
  • adsorption
  • silica nanoparticle
  • surface modification
  • enhanced oil recovery
  1. Alnarabiji M.S. and Husein M.M., Application of Bare Nanoparticle-Based Nanofluids in Enhanced Oil Recovery, Fuel, 267, 117262, 2020.
  2. Kazemzadeh Y., Shojaei S., Riazi M., and Sharifi M., Review on Application of Nanoparticles for EOR Purposes: A Critical Review of the Opportunities and Challenges, Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 27, 237-246, 2019.
  3. Guo K., Li H., and Yu Z., In-Situ Heavy And Extra-Heavy Oil Recovery: A Review, Fuel, 185, 886-902, 2016.
  4. Sun Y., Yang D., Shi L., Wu H., Cao Y., and He Y., Properties of Nanofluids and Their Applications in Enhanced Oil Recovery: A Comprehensive Review, Energ Fuel.,34, 1202-1218, 2020.
  5. Li Z., Xu D., Yuan Y., Wu H., Hou J., and Kang W., Advances of Spontaneous Emulsification and Its Important Applications in Enhanced Oil Recovery Process, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 277, 102119, 2020.
  6. Liu F. and Wang M., Review of Low Salinity Waterflooding Mechanisms: Wettability Alteration and Its Impact on Oil Recovery, Fuel, 267, 117112, 2020.
  7. Al-Anssari S., Barifcani A., Wang S., Maxim L., and Iglauer S., Wettability Alteration of Oil-Wet Carbonate by Silica Nanofluid, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 461, 435-442, 2016.
  8. Zargartalebi M., Kharrat R., and Barati N., Enhancement of Surfactant Flooding Performance by the Use of Silica Nanoparticles, Fuel, 143, 21-27, 2015.
  9. Ehtesabi H., Ahadian M.M., Taghikhani V., and Ghazanfari M. H., Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery in Sandstone Cores Using TiO2 Nanofluids, Energ. Fuel., 28, 423-430, 2014.
  10. Hendraningrat L. and Torsæter O., Metal Oxide-Based Nanoparticles: Revealing Their Potential to Enhance Oil Recovery in Different Wettability Systems, Appl. Nanosci., 5, 181-199, 2015.
  11. Ranka M., Brown P., and Hatton T.A., Responsive Stabilization of Nanoparticles for Extreme Salinity and High-temperature Reservoir Applications, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7, 19651-19658, 2015.
  12. Israelachvili J.N., Intermolecular and Surface Forces, Academic, 2011.
  13. Songolzadeh R. and Moghadasi J., Stabilizing Silica Nanoparticles in High Saline Water by Using Ionic Surfactants for Wettability Alteration Application, Colloid. Polym. Sci.,295, 145-155, 2017.
  14. Hendraningrat L., Shidong L., and Torsaeter O., A Glass Micromodel Experimental Study of Hydrophilic Nanoparticles Retention for EOR Project, SPE Russian Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Technical Conference and Exhibition, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Moscow, 16-18 October, 2012.
  15. Rabiee A., Langroudi A. E., Jamshidi H., and Gilani M., Preparation and Characterization of Hybrid Nanocomposite of Polyacrylamide/Silica-Nanoparticles, Iran. J. Polym. Sci. Technol. (Persian), 25, 406-414, 2013.
  16. ShamsiJazeyi H., Miller C.A., Wong M.S., Tour J.M., and Verduzco R., Polymer-coated Nanoparticles for Enhanced Oil Recovery, J. Appl. Polym. Sci.,131, 40576, 2014.
  17. Jang H., Lee W., and Lee J., Nanoparticle Dispersion with Surface-Modified Silica Nanoparticles and Its Effect on the Wettability Alteration of Carbonate Rocks, Colloid. Surf., A: Physicochem. Eng. Asp., 554, 261-271, 2018.
  18. Ershad L.A. and Azadi N., Effects of Adding Nanosilica on Acrylic and Siloxane Hydrophobic Coatings to Protect Calcite Stones, Iran. J. Polym. Sci. Technol. (Persian), 32, 15-29, 2019.
  19. Zhang Z., Maji S., da Fonseca Antunes A.B., De Rycke R., Hoogenboom R., and De Geest B.G., Salt-Driven Deposition of Thermoresponsive Polymer-Coated Metal Nanoparticles on Solid Substrates, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Eng.,128, 7202-7206, 2016.
  20. Riley J.K., Matyjaszewski K., and Tilton R.D., Electrostatically Controlled Swelling and Adsorption of Polyelectrolyte Brush-grafted Nanoparticles to the Solid/Liquid Interface, Langmuir, 30, 4056-4065, 2014.
  21. Banat I.M., Biosurfactants Production and Possible Uses in Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery and Oil Pollution Remediation: A Review, Bioresour. Technol., 51, 1-12, 1995.
  22. Bodratti A.M., Sarkar B., and Alexandridis P., Adsorption of Poly(ethylene oxide)-Containing Amphiphilic Polymers on Solid-Liquid Interfaces: Fundamentals and Applications, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 244, 132-163, 2017.
  23. Maurya N.K., Kushwaha P., and Mandal A., Studies on Interfacial and Rheological Properties of Water Soluble Polymer Grafted Nanoparticle for Application in Enhanced Oil Recovery, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 70, 319-330, 2017.
  24. Behzadi A. and Mohammadi A., Environmentally Responsive Surface-Modified Silica Nanoparticles for Enhanced Oil Recovery, J. Nanopart Res., 18, 266, 2016.
  25. Arslan G., Özmen M., Gündüz B., Zhang X., and Ersöz M., Surface Modification of Glass Beads with an Aminosilane Monolayer, Turk. J. Chem., 30, 203-210, 2006.
  26. Mader-Arndt K., Kutelova Z., Fuchs R., Meyer J., Staedler T., Hintz W., and Tomas J., Single Particle Contact Versus Particle Packing Behavior: Model Based Analysis of Chemically Modified Glass Particles, Granul. Matter., 16, 359-375, 2014.
  27. Roustaei A.and Bagherzadeh H., Experimental Investigation of SiO2 Nanoparticles on Enhanced Oil Recovery of Carbonate Reservoirs, J. Pet. Explor. Prod. Technol., 5, 27-33, 2015.
  28. Rostami M., Mohseni M., and Ranjbar Z., Investigating the Effect of pH on the Surface Chemistry of an Amino Silane Treated Nano Silica, Pigm. Resin Technol., 2011.
  29. Rubio N., Au H., Leese H.S., Hu S., Clancy A.J., and Shaffer M.S., Grafting from Versus Grafting to Approaches for the Functionalization of Graphene Nanoplatelets with Poly(methyl methacrylate), Macromolecules,50, 7070-7079, 2017.
  30. Al-Anssari S., Wang S., Barifcani A., Lebedev M., and Iglauer S., Effect of Temperature and SiO2 Nanoparticle Size on Wettability Alteration of Oil-Wet Calcite, Fuel, 206, 34-42, 2017.
  31. Munshi A., Singh V., Kumar M., and Singh J., Effect of Nanoparticle Size on Sessile Droplet Contact Angle, J. Appl. Phys., 103, 084315, 2008.
  32. Nikolov A., Kondiparty K., and Wasan D., Nanoparticle Self-structuring in a Nanofluid Film Spreading on a Solid Surface, Langmuir,26, 7665-7670, 2010.
  33. Omurlu C., Pham H., and Nguyen Q., Interaction of Surface-Modified Silica Nanoparticles with Clay Minerals, Appl. Nanosci., 6, 1167-1173, 2016.
  34. Mondragon R., Julia J.E., Barba A., and Jarque J.C., Characterization of Silica–Water Nanofluids Dispersed with an Ultrasound Probe: A Study of Their Physical Properties and Stability, Powder Technol.,224, 138-146, 2012.
  35. Parfitt R. and Greenland D., The Adsorption of Poly(ethylene glycols) on Clay Minerals, Clay Miner., 8, 305-315, 1970.
  36. Cheraghian G. and Hendraningrat L., A Review on Applications of Nanotechnology in the Enhanced Oil Recovery Part B: Effects of Nanoparticles on Flooding, Int. Nano Lett., 6, 1-10, 2016.
  37. Salager J.L., Marquez N., Graciaa A., and Lachaise J., Partitioning of Ethoxylated Octylphenol Surfactants in Microemulsion− Oil− Water Systems: Influence of Temperature and Relation between Partitioning Coefficient and Physicochemical Formulation, Langmuir, 16, 5534-5539, 2000.
  38. Iglauer S., Wu Y., Shuler P., Tang Y., and Goddard III W.A., Alkyl Polyglycoside Surfactant–Alcohol Cosolvent Formulations for Improved Oil Recovery, Colloid. Surf., A: Physicochem. Eng. Asp., 339, 48-59, 2009.
  39. Watson H., Norström A., Torrkulla Å., and Rosenholm J., Aqueous Amino Silane Modification of E-Glass Surfaces, J. Colloid Interface Sci.,238, 136-146, 2001.