عنوان مقاله [English]
Hypothesis: The porosity of silica-based chromium catalysts is one of the important issues in the petrochemical industry due to the high catalytic activity attracted by university and industrial researchers. One of the most important parameters that strengthens the structure of the hydrogel is the aging process that is considered in this study. By performing the aging operation on the primary silica hydrogel, the size of the initial particles increases and the surface area decreases. By doing the drying process, the pore volume of silica is reduced due to the capillary force. With changing the solvent from water to alcohols and ethyl acetate, the pore volume of the silica supported also increases. This is due to the reduction in surface tension between the silica wall and the water in the cavities.
Methods: The formation of supported silica using sol-gel method and the parameters affecting it have been investigated. Also, in the drying step by azeotropic distillation method, five solvents such as water, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, 1-butanol and ethyl acetate were used. FTIR, SEM and BET analyses were used to identify silica supported.
Finding: The effect of organic solvents on pore volume was investigated; so that all hydrogels were synthesized under the same conditions, while different solvents were used in the drying step by azeotropic distillation method. The use of different organic solvents did not show significant changes in the specific surface area of the supported silica but caused significant changes in the its pore volume. The results showed that the morphology of the silica support was improved by solvent replacement using organic solvents and the best morphology and crack-free structure of the ethyl acetate solvent were reported. The highest catalytic activity of 80 kgPE/gCr.h was obtained for slurry polymerization with silica support dried by ethyl acetate solvent.