بررسی ریزساختار پلی وینیل کلرید به وسیله روش های رزونانس مغناطیسی هسته یک و دو بعدی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان


عنوان مقاله [English]

Microstructural Study on Polyvinyl Chloride by One and Two Dimensional Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Methods

نویسندگان [English]

  • F. Ziaee
  • S.M. Jalilian
چکیده [English]

In this research, the tacticity and microstructure of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) were studied through back bone methylene and methine carbons and protons splitting by carbon (13C NMR), proton (1H NMR) and two-dimensional (2D
NMR) nulear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in deuterated etrahydrofuran.
Polyvinyl chloride was synthesized by emulsion polymerization of vinyl chloride (VCM) under pressure to about %90 conversion with %45 solid content at 60C. The assignments of all stereosequences were done at tetrad and pentad levels of methylene and methine carbons of the polyvinyl chloride respectively, using by 13C liquid NMR. Bernoullian and first-order Markov statistics models were calculated and the results are compared with the experimental NMR results. It was shown that Bernoullian and first-order Markov statistics fit almost equal for the assigned methylene and methine carbons and that the probability of meso addition (Pm m) value in polyvinyl chloride chains was calculated to be 0.447. 1H NMR of PVC was assigned via heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence technique (HMQC) for methylene and methine groups at triad sequence levels. Finally, by increasing the NMR acquisition temperature from 20 to 50oC higher resolution in methylene and methine carbons were achieved. In this case, the atactic sequence peaks splitted more than isotactic and syndiotactic sequence peaks.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • microstructure
  • tacticity
  • emulsion polymerization
  • 2D NMR