اثر ساختار عامل پخت آمینی آروماتیک بر فشردگی مولکولی و خواص مکانیکی رزین اپوکسی پخت‌شده

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

تهران، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، پژوهشکده مهندسی کامپوزیت، گروه پلیمر، صندوق پستی 1774-15875

چکیده

فرضیه: رزین‌های اپوکسی‌ از پرمصرف‌ترین رزین‌ها در جهان هستند. عوامل بسیاری روی خواص مکانیکی این خانواده از پلیمرها اثر‌گذار است که از اثر برخی عوامل مانند فشردگی مولکولی بر خواص مکانیکی این رزین‌ها نمی‌توان چشم‌پوشی کرد. مهم‌ترین عامل اثرگذار بر فشردگی مولکولی و خواص مکانیکی رزین‌های اپوکسی پخت‌شده، ساختار شیمیایی عامل پخت است. در این مقاله، اثر ساختار عامل پخت آمینی آروماتیک بر فشردگی مولکولی و خواص مکانیکی رزین اپوکسی پخت‌شده بررسی شده است.
روش‌ها: برای پخت رزین اپوکسی از روش مذاب استفاده شد. ابتدا عامل پخت مدنظر، ذوب و سپس رزین اپوکسی به آن اضافه شد. برای مطالعه اثر ساختار عامل پخت، از سه عامل پخت متافنیلن دی‌آمین (m-PDA)، ارتوفنیلن دی‌آمین (o-PDA) و 4،2-دی‌آمینوتولوئن (2,4-DAT) استفاده شد. فشردگی مولکولی با استفاده از روش پراش پرتو X و(XRD) مطالعه شد. همچنین، وزن حجمی رزین‌های پخت‌شده با روش ارشمیدس اندازه‌گیری شد. در نهایت، اثر فشردگی مولکولی بر خواص مکانیکی با انجام آزمون کشش بررسی شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج به‌دست آمده از آزمون‌های XRD و خواص مکانیکی نشان داد، فشردگی مولکولی با استحکام مکانیکی رابطه مستقیم دارد و با افزایش فشردگی مولکولی، استحکام کششی نیز افزایش می‌یابد. با تغییر عامل پخت از m-PDA به o-PDA، فشردگی مولکولی افزایش و در نتیجه استحکام کششی نیز افزایش یافت. با به‌کاربردن عامل پخت 2,4-DAT، به علت افزایش ممانعت فضایی در اثر وجود گروه متیل، تراکم مولکولی کاهش و در نتیجه استحکام کششی نیز کاهش یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Aromatic Amine Structure as a Curing Agent on Molecular Packing and Mechanical Properties of Cured Epoxy Resin

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehran Jahani
  • Hasan Fatahi
  • Mehrzad Mortezaeei
Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Composite Engineering, Malek-e-Ashtar University of Technology, P.O. Box: 15875-1774, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Hypothesis: Epoxy resins are one of the most prominent resins in the world. Many factors affect the mechanical properties of this family of polymers, but the effects of parameters such as molecular packing on mechanical properties are less investigated. The most important factor in molecular packing and mechanical properties is the chemical structure of the curing agent. Herein, we report the effect of aromatic structure of the curing agent on the molecular packing and mechanical properties of the cured epoxy resin.
Methods: The curing of the epoxy resin was performed by melting the curing agent and addition of the epoxy resin. To study the effect of curing agent structure, three different curing agents including meta-phenylenediamine (m-PDA), ortho-phenylenediamine (o-PDA) and 2,4-diamino toluene (2,4-DAT) were used. The molecular packing was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Also, the density measurements of cured epoxy resins were carried out using the Archimedes method and finally, the effect of molecular packing on the mechanical properties was investigated by tensile test.
Findings: The results obtained from XRD and tensile test measurements showed that there is a direct relationship between the molecular packing and mechanical strength which by increases in the molecular packing the tensile strength increased as well. By changing the curing agent from m-PDA to o-PDA, the molecular packing was increased and consequently, led to an increase in the tensile strength of the epoxies. In using 2,4-DAT as a curing agent, the molecular packing and hence the mechanical strength were decreased due to the steric hindrance of the methyl group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • molecular packing
  • epoxy resin
  • curing agent structure
  • X-ray diffraction
  • mechanical properties
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