عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This is a report on the study of high melt flow, highly isotactic polypropylene homopolymer synthesized in liquid monomer using a fifth generation Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. At highest catalyst productivity, the response of the
catalyst to hydrogen as chain transfer is studied. Melt flow rate is controlled by hydrogen as chain transfer from 0.4 to 300 g/10min with changing the amount of hydrogen from 0 to 1400 ppm. Results show that the melt flow rate of homopolymer is increased linearly with increasing the amount of hydrogen in polymerization. The effect of external electron donor on catalyst productivity and stereoregularity of the final product has been studied. The external electron donor on the catalyst caused an increase in polymer isotacticity, but led to decrease in catalyst productivity and
its response to hydrogen (i.e., requiring relatively more hydrogen for molecular weight control). This new generation of Z-N catalyst system containing 1,3-diether as internal electron donor has the ability to produce very high MFR polymers (for thin wall parts) in combination with narrow molecular weight distribution. These reactor grades of polypropylene have many advantages compared to visbroken (controlled rheology) grades such as lower cost and better processability. These resins can be used as homopolymer matrix in sequential polymerization to obtain impact
copolymers (heterophasic copolymers).